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FCI-Standard N° 153


(Dalmatinski pas)

TRANSLATION: Christina Bailey / Original version : (DE).

ORIGIN: Croatia.


UTILIZATION: Hunting dog. Companion dog, family dog, suitable to be trained for various purposes.

FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 6 Scenthounds and related breeds

Section 3 Related breeds.

Without working trials.


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The origin of the Dalmatian dog can be recognized in paintings and in church chronicles from the 16th to the 18th century. Dalmatians can be found on the altar painting “Madonna with Jesus and Angels” in the church “Gospa od andjela” in the town Veli Losinj, island Losinj in Croatia dating back to 1600 – 1630 and also in a fresco in Zaostrog, Dalmatia, Croatia. It suggests that the Dalmatian originates from the eastern Mediterranean region, in particular the historic province Dalmatia.


The first descriptions of the Dalmatian were found in the diocese Djakovo, in the Croatia, namely in the church chronicles of the Bishop Petar Bakic from the year 1719 and the church chronicles of Andreas Keczkemety from the year 1737. The dog was named with the Latin name “Canis Dalmaticus” and the height of the dog described with 4-5 “Spithamus”. Thomas Pennant described this breed in his work “Synopsis of Quadrupeds” in the year 1771 as very independent, named it “Dalmatian” and wrote the origin of this breed to be Dalmatia. A work by Thomas Bewick, published in 1790, refers to this breed as “Dalmatian or Coach Dog”. The first unofficial Dalmatian Standard was written by an Englishman named Vero Shaw in the year 1882.


After the formation of the Dalmatian Club in England in the year 1890 this standard was transferred to the first official breed standard.


The FCI published the first Dalmatian standard on the 7th of April 1955 under the name of “Dalmatian Huntingdog”.


GENERAL APPEARANCE: Mesocephalic. Head prismatic form with hanging ears. The body is rectangular, strong, muscled and distinctively spotted. The movement must be elegant. The sexual difference must be visible.


IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of the body: height at the withers = 10 : 9. The height at the elbow joint: 50% of the height at the withers. The height the hocks: 20-25% of the height at the withers. Length of head: around 40% of the height at the withers. Length of skull : length of muzzle = 1 : 1.


BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Pleasant temperament, friendly, not shy or hesitant, free from nervousness and aggression. Lively kind, loyal, independent and easy to train. The Dalmatian likes water and outdoor activities. It has a marked hound instinct.


HEAD: The head must be in proportion and harmony with the rest of the body and not too wide in the skull area. The length from the occipital protuberance to the stop and from the stop to the tip of the nose equals 1:1, or the muzzle is slightly shorter. The upper line of the skull and the upper line of the muzzle are slightly divergent. The masseter muscle and the cheek bone must not be too developed. The head must be entirely free from wrinkle.



Skull: Flat, with a slight lateral rounding. Broadest between the ears and well defined temples. Slight frontal furrow.

Stop: Moderately defined.



Nose: Large with wide open nostrils, it must be completely pigmented. The colour must be in accordance to the colour of the spotting.

Muzzle: Well developed & strong jawbone, nasal bridge straight.

Lips: Strong, must fit the jaw rather closely and not be pendulous, or too thick; without the corner of the mouth too defined. A complete pigmentation is desired.

Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite, i.e. the upper 6 incisors closely overlapping the lower teeth, with all teeth set square to the jaw. A complete set of teeth (42 teeth) is desired (in accordance with the teeth formula). The teeth are evenly formed and white. A pincer bite is tolerated in older dogs.

Eyes: Oval, in a sub-frontal position placed at an angle of 10-15˚. The eye colour is in accordance with the spotting. Eyelids are close to the eyeball and not loose. Eye rims are completely pigmented in accordance with the coat colour.

Ears: Set on rather high, carried close to the lateral part of the head. The length reaches to the inner corner of the eye or to the stop. The tip is slightly rounded. The ears have the shape of an isosceles triangle. They are fine in texture and soft to the touch. It is very important that the ears are spotted, i.e. the ears must not be completely black or brown but black or brown spotted etc. with the spotting in accordance with the colour variety on the white base.


NECK: The neck should be strong and fairly long, tapering towards the head and free from throatiness.


BODY: Rectangular, proportions of length of body to the height at the withers is 10: 9.

Withers: Well defined.

Back: Powerful, level.

Loin: Short and muscular.

Croup: Muscular, inclined less than 30°.

Chest: Deep and capacious, not too broad or barrel-shaped. The depth of the chest should be 45-50% of the height to the withers. The height of the elbow is 50% of the height to the withers. The ribs are well sprung.

Underline and belly: The belly is moderately tucked up but not drawn in.


TAIL: Set on at the extension of the croup. Reaching approximately to the hock or slightly longer. Strong at the base evenly tapering towards the tip, not too thick but in proportion to the body. Carried sabre-shaped. Preferably spotted.




General appearance: The forelegs must be in proportion to the rectangular body.

Shoulder: The shoulder angle is around 115-120˚

Elbow: Close to the body.

Forearm: The bones are developed in proportion to the body and strong (round), forequarters placed straight and legs standing vertical.

Metacarpus (Pastern): Strong, slightly sloping with a spring.

Forefeet: The toes are compact, so called cat feet are typical. Pads are tough and elastic. The nails should preferably be pigmented.



General appearance: In proportion to the body. With strong well developed muscles. Hindlegs are parallel.

Thigh: Muscular and strong.

Stifle (Knee): Strong and well developed. The stifle has an angle of 40 degree to the horizontal line.

Hock joint: Strong.

Metatarsus (Rear pasterns): The length of the hocks is around 20-25% of the height to the withers. The angle of the hock is around 130˚.

Hind feet: The toes are compact, so called cat feet are typical. Pads are tough and elastic. The nails should preferably be pigmented.


GAIT / MOVEMENT: Rhythmic action, elegant and smooth movement. Stride and trot long with good reach and strong drive. Viewed from the front the legs are parallel.



Hair: Short, shiny, hard and dense all over the body.

Colour: The ground colour is pure white. Black spotted variety with black spots, liver spotted variety with brown spots. The spots should be symmetrically placed all over the body, clearly defined and without intermingling into the white ground colour. The size of the spots should preferably be even, with a size of 2 – 3 cm in diameter. In the brown variety the spots are a little smaller, around 2 cm. The spots on the head and on the legs should be proportional smaller than on the rest of the body. It is desirable the tail is spotted too, with spots also proportional smaller that those on the body. Splashes on the body are not desirable and should be penalised. The spots must not intermingle, i.e. forming large patches. Patches and coloured areas are not desirable. The spots on the ears should be especially noted.



Height at the withers: Males 56 – 62 cms. Females 54 – 60 cms.

Dogs with excellent type and balance should not be penalised if above the upper limit.



Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.



Aggresive or overly shy.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities

shall be disqualified.

Converging head line.

The lack of more than 6 premolars, the lack of M3 is not noted and will not be considered as a fault.

Entropion, ectropion, wall eye, eyes of different colours

(heterochromia), blue

eyes, partially blue coloured iris.

Lack of nose pigment.

Curled tail.

Monocle (patching around one or both eyes) or patching


Tricolour (black and brown spots on the same dog), brindle

coloured spots, lemon coloured spots, orange coloured spots,

blue spots and pure white colour without spots.

Wirehaired or longhaired


N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


There are many things to consider as a dog owner.

It is very important that you understand your responsibilities to your dog and to the community, so as to ensure that dogs and their owners are welcome into society.

Some dogs are bred for looks, others for their working ability. Well, DALMATIAN IS A BREED THAT OFFERS BOTH !

Do you mind spending hours grooming and cleaning your dog and your house? THAN A DALMATIAN IS FOR YOU !

There were many situations when we said that we would never have a breed with longer coat, although we do admire their fancy outlook on shows and all the effort and time that their owner has to spend while grooming their wonderfull coat.

Let’s say, that we would rather spent this time in the long walks or in the woods with our dogs!

Some breeds have a strong smell; others dribble a great deal! WELL, YOU DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT THAT IF YOU’RE HAVING A DALMATIAN !

If a dalmatian has a proper and normal care, they will have the minimum of possible smell.

Believe me, we have 7 dalmatians in the house and people who come in our house with not knowing that, don’t believe that dogs live there. Eventhough a dalmatian is a mostly white coated dog, it does not require to be washed or brushed every day ! The coat length makes the brushing and cleaning very easy and thanks to the self-rinse shampoos very quickly!

They adore to be in a clean inviroment, so don’t forget to change his sheets regularly!

Are you a person who likes long walks or bike riding? THAN A DALMATIAN IS FOR YOU ! Always take him with you and he will be the happiest dog on the world!

Remember that dalmatian is not for those owners who like to sit in their sofa and rather watch TV than going outside and enjoy wonderfull weather and nature!

People who think that a dalmatian is a stupid dog who only has spots, are totaly wrong!

Have to say that a person who cannot teach a dalmatian, a breed that is intelligent and quick learning, is either thinking that a dog is supposed to know everything himself since the day of his birth or, is very lazy to teach anyone anything and that having a dalmatian (or any other dog) was just a matter of his current mood, without considering that this dog is supposed to be his life-time partner !

Remember that dalmatians are very easy to teach and how much you teach him, he will return it to you in tripple!

And all this is true!

Your dalmatian will be proud to show you everything what you have learned him and will be always happy and gratefull for all the time you spend with him!

He adores to be involved into all the situation in your life, either you are happy or sad, at home or on your holiday!

He is like a child that wants to know everything, and how much you learn him, later you will see that he knows what you think and he will behave depending the inviroment and situation.

He will be happy to come home from a walk, to eat and drink some water and than to enjoy his resting in a soft and clean dog bed!

Don’t teach him to sleep in your bed, as otherwise you will not have much space left to sleep, as he will enjoy your whole pillow and blanket trying to make himself as confortable as possible:))

So, after you and your family decided to have a spotted member in your home and after all of you have agreed about daily obligations, you must decide weather to have a male or a female dog !?

If you have no intention to have at least one litter if taking a female puppy, than please decide to take a male puppy!

It’s a pitty and unhealthy to have a female and never to allow her to have babies! The worst thing is if you take a female and get her sterilised.

Many people think that females are much calmer than males, but due to our experience, it does not depend on a dog’s gender, it depends on a dog’s character.

After the whole process of deciding, contacting us, making reservation, getting photos how your future family member is growing older, the day to pick up the puppy has finally come ! The whole family is very excited and happy and having many questions and thoughts how the whole thing after comming home will work!

Well, you don’t have to worry that much! We will advise you about everything!

There is not souch a big deal to learn your puppy to make everything outside and believe us – he will learn it in a week (ofcourse, you have to be persistant and understand his needs!) You will see that all this effort will be worth and you will all enjoy learning your new family member and you will be proud how quickly he can learn things!

Ofcourse, you must award him with some dog cookies! > Don’t forget to have cookies always somewhere near, as he will happily look for them!:))

We will always be available on our mobile, as we insist that you ask us about everything, eventhough some questions may seem not so important, it will make your life muck easier and we will be happy to help with some tips & tricks!

Feeding a dalmatian, would be very simple if you would let him to eat whatever he wants! Eventhough he would be very happy, please, don’t do that!

The unproper diet can ruin his health and his skin! As dalmatians have a specific urine-tract, they must be fed with a proper diet with a lower protein level.

Through our life of 20+ years as owners and breeders, we have been ofcourse discovering many kinds of diet, those home made with fresh prepared mix of meat (chicken, turkey, fish), vegetables, rice, pasta or cereals and all completed with vitamins and many kinds of dry super premium foods.

But as our today’s life is of a very rushy kind, the daily schedual doesn’t leave us not much free time and the most important thing is that how much you try, you can never make a propely balanced food to your dog’s age.

Therefore, we have searched for the best possible dry super premium food and the final decision fell on Purina PRO PLAN !

As already many years have passed under this way of nutrition, we can say and guarantee that and our dogs are highly satisfied and healthy and we are happy to see them being happy! Their complete outlook and especially their health and immunity is on a very high level. We are speaking here from the puppy’s age to the deep veteran’s age.

You must be aware of the fact that our dalmatians are our life and that we are not a kind of breeders that breed fo money – WE BREED TO IMPROVE THE BREED, carefully discovering genetics, breeding lines and selecting!

Therefore, we carefully choose our new puppy owners and we give our best to beam them in a proper way. The most important for us it that a puppy has a wonderfull and carying family who will give their best in their dog’s future life. If the dog is of a show quality, it would be pitty to stay only at home as a pet, not giving him a chance to be shown in some show and not to be bred from lately!

That’s all for now! Other so called “tips & tricks”, we will gladly share with the new owners…


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